Grigori Chukhrai

照片 :
照片描述 : 苏联电影导演丘赫莱依
中文名 : 格里高利·丘赫莱依
英文名 : Grigori Chukhrai
出生年 : 1921年
出生日 : 4月23日
出生地 : 乌克兰梅里托朴尔
逝世 : 逝世
逝世年 : 2001年
逝世日 : 10月28日
逝世地 : 俄罗斯莫斯科
国家/地区 : 苏联
职业1 : 导演
职业2 : 编剧
首字母 : C
条目星级 : ★★

格里高利·纳乌莫维奇·丘赫莱依(Grigori Naumovich Chukhrai,1921年4月23日2001年10月28日),{{苏联}}电影导演。

生平

生于乌克兰的梅里托朴尔(Melitopol),参加了二战,作为军人的经历深刻影响了他的创作。早年在[[苏联国立电影学院]]师从[[米哈伊尔·罗姆]]学习导演。1955年独立执导第一部长故事片《娜扎尔·斯托多莉亚》。后拍摄《[[第四十一]]》(1951),该片被认为是苏联新浪潮的发轫之作。与后来的《[[士兵之歌]]》(1959)和《晴朗的天空》(1961)同样都以战争为背景。

He was born in Melitopol in the Zaporizhia Oblast of Ukraine. A decorated veteran of World War II, Chukhrai’s wartime experiences profoundly affected him and the majority of his films were connected with events of the War. At war’s end, he studied filmmaking at the Soviet State Film School and then developed his craft as a director’s assistant at the Kiev Film Studio. By the mid 1950s, he began writing and directing his own films, gaining cinematic recognition outside the Soviet Union at the 1957 Cannes Film Festival with his film Sorok pervyj (The Forty-first).

In 1959, Chukhrai co-wrote and directed his greatest work, Ballad of a Soldier. A story of love and the tragedy of war made without the usual Soviet propaganda, the film received great acclaim at home earning the prestigious Lenin Prize. It was heralded internationally for both its story and cinematic technique and at Cannes in 1960 the film was awarded a special jury prize for “high humanism and outstanding quality.” Ballad of a Soldier overcame the Cold War barrier and premiered in the United States in 1960 at the San Francisco International Film Festival in San Francisco, California. The film won the Festival’s Golden Gate Award, for Best Picture and for Best Director for Grigori Chukhrai. Playing worldwide, the following year it earned the BAFTA Award for Best Film. Grigori Chukhrai and script co-writer Valentin Yezhov were nominated for an Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay.

Chukhrai’s next film, released in 1961, was titled Chistoye nebo (Clear Skies) and told the story of a Soviet pilot who survived Nazi imprisonment during the war but was later accused of being a spy. It was one of the first Soviet films to deal with some of the repressive and questionable antics under the Soviet leadership of Premiere, Joseph Stalin.

In 1984, at age 63, Grigori Chukhrai directed his final film. He wrote a book of war memoirs and in 1994, for his lifetime contribution to film, Chukhrai was given a Nika Award, the Russian film industry’s equivalent of an Oscar.

Grigori Chukhrai died of heart failure in Moscow in 2001 at the age of eighty.

作品年表

  • 《我教会你们幻想》Ya nauchu vas mechtat… (I’ll Teach You to Dream) ([[1984]])
  • 《生活是美好的》Zhizn’ prekrasna (Life Is Beautiful) ([[1979]])
  • Tryasina (Untypical Story) ([[1978]])
  • Pamyat (film) (Memory) ([[1971]])
  • People! ([[1966]])
  • Zhili-byli starik so starukhoj (There Was an Old Couple) ([[1965]])
  • 《晴朗的天空》Chistoye nebo (Clear Skies) ([[1961]])
  • [[士兵之歌]]》Ballada o soldate (Ballad of a Soldier) ([[1959]])
  • [[第四十一]]》Sorok pervyj (The Forty-first) ([[1956]])
  • 《娜扎尔·斯托多莉亚》Nazar Stodolya ([[1955]])

外部链接

  • 格里高利·丘赫莱依