艾伦·西德尼·派翠克·里克曼（生于[]年2月21日）是集艾美奖（Emmy），金球奖（[[Golden_Globe]]），[[英国电影电视艺术学院]]（[[BAFTA]]），[[影视演员公会奖]]（[[Screen_Actors_Guild_Award]]）于一身的英国电影，电视及舞台剧演员。他最广为人知的角色要数《[[虎胆龙威]]》（[[Die_Hard]], 1988）中的[[汉斯·克鲁伯]]（[[Hans_Gruber]]）和《[[哈利·波特]]》（[[Harry_Potter]]）系列中的[[西弗勒斯·斯内普]]（[[Severus_Snape]]）。此外，他在票房大片《[[侠盗王子罗宾汉]]》（[[Robin_Hood:_Prince_of_Thieves]], 1991）中亦表现不俗（饰演诺丁汉郡郡长一角）。最近，里克曼在[[蒂姆·伯顿]]（[[Tim_Burton]]）的《[[理发师陶德]]》（[[Sweeney_Todd:_The_Demon_Barber_of_Fleet_Street]], 2007）一片中饰演的角色[[法官特平]]（[[Judge_Turpin]] ）为他带来了初次的[[奥斯卡]]（[[Oscar]]）提名预言（尽管最终他并未获得提名）。
里克曼，全名艾伦·西德尼·派翠克·里克曼（Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman）出生于英国伦敦汉默史密斯（Hammersmith, London, England, UK）的一个工人家庭。母亲玛格丽特·多琳·罗斯（妮·巴特莱特）（Margaret Doreen Rose（née Bartlett））是一名家庭主妇，出身于威尔士，是卫理公会派教徒；父亲伯纳德·里克曼（Bernard Rickman）是一名工人，出身于爱尔兰，是天主教徒。里克曼在家中排行第二，有一个哥哥，一个弟弟和一个妹妹。儿时他在Acton一所奉行蒙台梭利教育法
蒙台梭利教育法] 的幼儿园里接受启蒙教育。八岁时，里克曼的父亲去世，留下母亲独自一人抚养四个孩子。她也曾再婚，但是三年后便与里克曼的继父离婚。“在她的生命里只有一段真爱”，里克曼在后来一次接受访谈时这样说。里克曼精于书法和水彩绘画，在德温特沃特中等学校（Derwentwater Junior School）就读期间他获得了去伦敦雷特梅中学就读的奖学金，在那里他开始接触戏剧。毕业之后，里克曼进入切尔西艺术设计学院学习（Chelsea College of Art and Design）平面设计，在他看来比起演戏平面设计师这份职业更为稳定。他说，“18岁就进戏剧学校可不是什么明智的选择。”后来他得到了一份来自皇家戏剧艺术学院（Royal Academy of Dramatic Art）的奖学金，这使他能够在[]-1974年间在该学院学习表演艺术。就学期间，他研习[[莎士比亚]的作品，并通过为奈杰尔·霍华霍内爵士（Sir Nigel Hawthorne）和拉尔夫·理查德森爵士（Sir Ralph Richardson）当化妆师赚取生活费用。在校期间他就已经获得了为数不少的奖项，如，艾米莉·丽特奖（Emile Littler Prize）、福布斯·罗伯森奖（Forbes Robertson Prize）和班考夫特金质奖章（Bancroft Gold Medal）。
After graduating from the RADA, Rickman worked extensively with various British repertory and experimental theatre groups on productions including The Seagull and Snoo Wilson’s The Grass Widow at the Royal Court Theatre, and has appeared three times at the Edinburgh International Festival. In 1978, he played with the Court Drama Group, performing in several plays, most notably Romeo And Juliet and A View from the Bridge. While working with the Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC) he starred in, among other things, As You Like It. He would be the male lead in the 1985 Royal Shakespeare Company production of Les Liaisons Dangereuses, directed by Christopher Hampton, which would be a sellout. When the show went across the Atlantic in 1986, Rickman went on with it to Broadway and there earned a Tony Award nomination for his performance.
“You can act truthfully or you can lie. You can reveal things about yourself or you can hide. Therefore, the audience recognises something about themselves or they don’t — You hope they don’t leave the theatre thinking ‘that was nice…now where’s the cab?'”
While with the RSC he shared a house with fellow company member Ruby Wax. Rickman put her into writing comedy and proceeded to direct several of her successful shows. “If people want to know who I am, it is all in the work”, he said.
To television audiences he also became known as Mr. Slope in the BBC’s 1980s adaptation of Barchester Towers. He played future Irish Taoiseach and president Éamon de Valera in the film Michael Collins alongside Liam Neeson as the title character. While playing romantic leads in British movies (Colonel Brandon in Sense and Sensibility; Jamie in Truly, Madly, Deeply), he was generally typecast in Hollywood films as an over-the-top villain (German terrorist Hans_Gruber in Die_Hard and the Sheriff_of_Nottingham in Robin_Hood:_Prince_of_Thieves). His role in Die_Hard earned him a spot on the American Film Institute’s list of the “100 Best Heroes/Villains” as the 46th best villain in film history. His performance of Sheriff_of_Nottingham in Robin_Hood:_Prince_of_Thieves also made him known as one of the best actors to portray a villain in films.
Rickman has also played comedic roles in films such as Galaxy_Quest, Dogma, and Love_Actually. He won a Golden_Globe and an Emmy for his performance as Rasputin:_Dark_Servant_of_Destiny in 1996, and was also nominated for an Emmy for his work as Dr. Alfred_Blalock in 2004’s Something_the_Lord_Made. He appeared in the Harry_Potter films as the Potions professor Severus_Snape. Rickman was cast in 2005 as the voice of Marvin_the_Paranoid_Android in The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy film. Coincidentally, Rickman and David Learner, who occupied Marvin’s costume for the TV adaptation and stage shows, studied together at RADA. He was very busy in 2006 with Snow_Cake (with Sigourney Weaver and Carrie-Anne Moss) which had its debut at the Berlinale, and also Perfume: The Story of a Murderer (with Dustin Hoffman), directed by Tom Tykwer.
Rickman has performed on stage in Noel Coward’s romantic comedy Private Lives, which transferred to Broadway after its successful run in London at the Albery Theatre and ended in September 2002. Rickman had reunited with his Les Liaisons Dangereuses co-star Lindsay Duncan, and director Howard Davies for this Tony Award-winning production.
His previous stage performance was as Mark Antony, opposite Helen Mirren as Cleopatra, in the Royal National Theatre’s production of Antony and Cleopatra at the Olivier Theatre in London, which ran from 20 October to 3 December 1998. Before that, he performed in Yukio Ninagawa’s Tango at the End of Winter in London’s West End and the Riverside Studio production of Hamlet in 1991, directed by Robert Sturua. He directed The_Winter_Guest at London’s Almeida Theatre in 1995. He also directed the film version in 1996 starring Emma Thompson and her real life mother Phyllida Law.
Rickman has also been featured in several musical works — most notably in a song composed by the English songwriter Adam Leonard. Moreover, the actor played a “Master of Ceremonies” part in announcing the various instruments in Mike Oldfield’s Tubular Bells II on the track The Bell. Rickman was one of the many artists who recited Shakespearian sonnets on the 2002-released When Love Speaks CD, and is also featured prominently in a music video by the band Texas entitled In Demand, which premiered on Europe MTV in August 2000. In the video, lead singer Sharleen Spiteri danced the tango with Rickman: the clip was nominated for Best British Video at the Brit Awards.
Rickman played Severus_Snape, the seemingly sinister potions master of J.K. Rowling’s Harry_Potter saga, in the five films of that series to date. In 2007, Entertainment Weekly named him one of their favorite people in pop culture, saying that in the Harry_Potter films, “he may not be on screen long – but he owns every minute,” and that he is capable of “turning a simple retort into a mini-symphony of contempt.”
Rickman directed the play My Name Is Rachel Corrie in April 2005 at the Royal Court Theatre, London, and won the Theatre Goers’ Choice Awards for best director. The production is based on the writings of Rachel Corrie, the 23-year-old American woman who was killed on 16 March 2003 by an Israeli armored bulldozer. The show played at the West End’s Playhouse Theatre in London from March to May 2006. The play also ran at both the Galway Arts Festival and the Edinburgh Fesitval in 2006.
In 1995 Rickman turned down the role of Alec Trevelyan in the 1995 James Bond film Goldeneye. Rickman has taken issue with being labeled as a “villain actor”, citing the fact that he has not portrayed a stock villain character since the Sheriff_of_Nottingham in 1991. He has further said that he has continued to portray characters of complex and varying emotions, and does not think it is fair to assign characters a label of good or evil, hero or villain. Prior to the book release of Harry_Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Rickman had spoken on occasion about Snape quite easily, but with the controversy of the character following the events of the sixth book, Rickman refused to speak on the character.
In 2007, Rickman appeared in the critically-acclaimed Sweeney_Todd:_The_Demon_Barber_of_Fleet_Street directed by Tim_Burton, alongside “Harry_Potter” co-star, Helena Bonham Carter; he played the role of Judge_Turpin, the main antagonist. According to Miami Herald, Rickman performance “makes the judge’s villainy something to simultaneously savor and despise”, with his “oozing moral rot and arrogance”.
Rickman was chosen by Empire as one of the 100 Sexiest Stars in film history (No 34) in 1995 and ranked No 59 in Empire’s “The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time” list in October 1997. Rickman became Vice-Chairman of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in 2003. He was voted No 19 in Empire magazine’s Greatest Living Movie Stars over the age of 50 and was twice nominated for Broadway’s Tony Award as Best Actor (Play): in 1987 for Les Liaisons Dangereuses, and in 2002 for a revival of Noel Coward’s Private Lives.
Alan Rickman was recently sent up by BBC Radio 4’s Dead Ringers programme. The impressionist programme satirised Rickman’s distinctive inflection when playing ‘baddies.’
Research to find ‘the perfect voice’ has indicated that Rickman’s voice is one of the best.  The combination of his voice along with Jeremy Irons’ voice was deemed the best voice based on intonation, trustworthiness, and soothingness.
|1978||Romeo and Juliet||Tybalt||BBC Television Shakespeare|
|1982||The Barchester Chronicles||Rev. Obadiah Slope|
|1988||Die Hard||Hans Gruber||First movie|
|1989||The January Man||Ed, the painter|
|1990||Quigley Down Under||Elliot Marston, an unscrupulous ranch owner|
|1991||Truly Madly Deeply||Jamie||Nominated – BAFTA Award|
|Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves||Sheriff of Nottingham||BAFTA Award|
|Close My Eyes||Sinclair Bryant|
|Closet Land||The Interrogator|
|1992||Bob Roberts||Lukas Hart III|
|1994||Mesmer (film)||Franz Anton Mesmer|
|1995||An Awfully Big Adventure||P.L. O’Hara|
|Sense and Sensibility||Colonel Brandon||Nominated – BAFTA Award|
|Die Hard with a Vengeance||Hans Gruber||Flashback|
|1996||Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny||Grigori Rasputin||Emmy Award|
|Michael Collins||Eamon de Valera||Nominated – BAFTA Award|
|1997||The Winter Guest||Man in street (uncredited)||Director|
|1998||Judas Kiss||Detective David Friedman|
|Dark Harbor||David Weinberg|
|Galaxy Quest||Alexander Dane/Dr. Lazarus|
|Help! I’m a Fish!||Joe||voice|
|Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s (Sorcerer’s) Stone||Severus Snape|
|2001||Blow Dry||Phil Allen|
|The Search for John Gissing||John Gissing|
|2002||Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets||Severus Snape|
|King of the Hill||King Philip|
|2004||Something the Lord Made||Dr. Alfred Blalock||Nominated – Emmy Award|
|Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban||Severus Snape|
|2005||Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire|
|The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy||Marvin the Paranoid Android||voice|
|2006||Perfume: The Story of a Murderer||Antoine Richis|
|Snow Cake||Alex Hughes|
|2007||Nobel Son||Eli Michaelson, Nobel laureate|
|Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix||Severus Snape|
|Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street||Judge Turpin|
|2008||Bottle Shock||Steven Spurrier|
|2009||Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince||Severus Snape||post-production|
|2010||Alice in Wonderland||The Caterpillar||filming|
|Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part I||Severus Snape||pre-production|
|2011||Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part II||Severus Snape||pre-production|