Ivor Montagu

照片 :
照片描述 : 影乒双栖的蒙塔古
中文名 : 伊沃·蒙塔古
英文名 : Ivor Montagu
出生年 : 1904年
出生日 : 4月23日
出生地 : 英国伦敦
逝世 : 逝世
逝世年 : 1984年
逝世日 : 11月5日
逝世地 : 英国伦敦
国家/地区 : 英国
职业1 : 制片人
职业2 : 导演
职业3 : 编剧
职业4 : 影评人
首字母 : M
条目星级 : ★

伊沃·蒙塔古,原名Ivor Goldsmid Samuel Montagu(1904年4月23日1984年11月5日),英国电影工作者,多才多艺,他同时是编剧、制片人、影评人、作家,为两次世纪大战之间英国电影文化发展有很大推动作用。并且是著名的乒乓球世界冠军,为国际乒联创始人和第一任主席,公认为世界乒乓球运动的推广作出了巨大贡献,还有传闻指他是苏联间谍。

生平

蒙塔古先后就读过威斯敏斯特公学、国王学院、剑桥大学,曾从事动物学研究。His directorial career began in the late 1920s with a short film about table tennis.[1] With Sidney Bernstein he established the London Film Society in 1925, the first film club devoted to showing art films and independent films. Montagu became the first film critic of The Observer and the New Statesman. He did the post-production work on Alfred Hitchcock’s The Lodger in 1926 and was hired to Gaumont-British in the 1930s, working as a producer on a number of the Hitchcock thrillers.

Montagu joined the Fabian Society in his youth, then the British Socialist Party and then the Communist Party of Great Britain. This brought him into contact with Russian film makers. In 1930 he accompanied his friend Sergei Eisenstein to New York and Hollywood; later in the decade Montagu made a number of compilation films, including Defence of Madrid (1936) and Peace and Plenty (1939) about the Spanish Civil War. He directed also the documentary Wings Over Everest (1934) with Geoffrey Barkas. As a political figure and for a time a communist, much of his work at the time was on low budget, independent political films. By World War II, however, he made a film for the Ministry of Information. After the war Montagu worked as a film critic and reviewer.

In 1933, Montagu was a founder member of the Association of Cinematograph and Television Technicians, holding various positions in the union until the 1960s. He also held post on the World Council of Peace. He was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1959.

Montagu was identified as a prewar spy for the GRU after the decryption of Venona messages, but this has never been confirmed. His brother of identical background Ewen Montagu was a spy for MI6, author of The Man Who Never Was and mastermind of the highly successful conter-Nazi Operation Mincemeat.

乒乓球

蒙塔古代表英国参加乒乓球国际比赛,获得若干冠军。他还帮助建立并从经济上支持了1926年在伦敦举行的第一次乒乓球世界冠军赛。

18岁那年,蒙塔古创办了英国乒乓球协会,[[1923]]-[[1929]][[1932]]-[[1933]][[1936]]-[[1958]]年间自任主席。

1926年,蒙塔古发起建立国际乒联,并担任主席职位达41年之久,直至1967年。国际乒联一开始的成员国只有四个,在他的领导下发展成为160多个成员国。是在蒙塔古父母的家中,蒙塔古及其他先驱制定了乒乓球运动的章程和规则,并被世乒赛采用。

1995年入选国际乒乓球名人堂。

著作

  • 《今日乒乓球》Table Tennis Today (1924)
  • 《乒乓球》Table Tennis (1936)
  • 《电影世界》Film World (1964)
  • 《与爱森斯坦在好莱坞》With Eisenstein in Hollywood (1968)
  • 《幼子》The Youngest Son (1970)

外部链接