Larisa Efimovna Shepitko was a Soviet Russian film director. She went to the Moscow Film school (VGIK) as a pupil of Alexander Dovzhenko. She was a student of Dovzhenko’s for 18 months until he died in 1956. Shepitko graduated from VGIK in 1963 with her prize winning diploma film Heat made when she was 22 years old. It tells the story of a new farming community in Central Asia during the mid 1950s.
Shepitko’s next film Wings concerns a much-decorated female fighter pilot of World War II. The pilot, now principal of a vocational college, is on a very different wavelength to her daughter and the new generation. The film aroused considerable press controversy as films were not meant to represent conflicts between children and parents. The film also seemed to be mocking war heroes as well. (Vronskaya, 1972 p 39).
Shepitko’s third film was You and I (1971). This was her only film in colour. Quart (1989, p215) argues that it showed a much stronger Western film making style which might explain its favourable reception at the Venice Film Festival and its corresponding lack of public exposure in the Soviet Union.
The Ascent (1976) was her last film and the one which gained most attention in the West. In this Shepitko returns to the sufferings of World War II. It chronicles the trials and tribulations of a group of partisans in Belarus in the bleak winter of 1942. Two of the partisans are captured by the Nazis and then interrogated by a local collaborator, played by Anatoly Solonitsyn, before being executed in public. This depiction of the martyrdom of the Russians owes much to Christian iconography, reflecting the director’s profound understanding of Western pictorial traditions. The Ascent won Golden Bear at the 1977 Berlinale.
Her growing international reputation led to an invitation to serve on the jury at the Berlin International Film Festival in 1978. Unfortunately she was unable to complete any other films. Shepitko died in a car crash with 4 members of her shooting team in 1979 making Farewell to Matyora. Her husband Elem Klimov, also a film director, finished the work for her
- 1977年 Voskhozhdeniye
- 1971年 Ty i ya
- 1967年 Nachalo nevedomogo veka
- 1966年 Krylya
- 1963年 Znoy
- 1957年 Zhivaya voda
- 1956年 Slepoy kukhar