Robert De Niro

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照片描述 :
中文名 : 罗伯特·德尼罗
英文名 : Robert De Niro
出生年 : 1943年
出生日 : 8月17日
出生地 : 美国纽约
国家/地区 : 美国
职业1 : 演员
职业2 : 导演
职业3 : 制片人
首字母 : D
条目星级 : ★

罗伯特·德尼罗(全名:罗伯特·马里奥·德尼罗),1943年8月17日出生于美国纽约,是美国偶像级的电影演员,导演和制片人。

德尼罗因其所扮演的那些内心充满斗争、时常身陷困境的角色和与导演[[马丁·斯科塞斯]]的长期合作以及早期与导演布莱恩·德·帕尔玛的合作受到人们的关注。许多人认为他是他那代演员中最棒的一位,同时也是当今最伟大的男演员之一。

早年及教育

德尼罗出生于纽约。父亲Robert De Niro, Sr是画家、雕塑家和诗人(德尼罗的曾祖父母,马里奥·德尼罗和索菲娅,20世纪初从意大利移民而来),母亲Virginia Admiral也是画家,两人相识于一次绘画课。父母在德尼罗两岁时离婚。德尼罗在纽约的Hell’s Kitchen区长大,因为苍白的肤色,得了个“牛奶博比(Bobby Milk)”的绰号。

德尼罗最初就读于小红屋音乐学校(Little Red School House),随后被他母亲招进纽约的音乐与艺术高中(High School of Music and Art)。13岁时退学加入了一个意大利黑帮。为此他和父亲大吵一架,尽管最后他们还是和好了,因为德尼罗实在受不了不得不飞去巴黎接他父亲回家,那时他18岁。德尼罗加入了the Stella Adler Conservatory, 以及Lee Strasberg的演员工作室(尽管在表演方式上德尼罗和Strasberg冲突不断,并且他在那里大多是作为自由职业者的身份)。16岁时他曾参演过契诃夫《鲁莽者》(The Bear)的话剧巡演。

电影生涯

1963年,20岁的他迎来了首个电影角色,在[[Brian_De_Palma]]执导的《The Wedding Party》中出镜,但该片直到1969年才上映。1960年代的大部分时候他只是个剧场杂工,也没机会登上百老汇舞台。1965年,在法国电影《Three Rooms in Manhattan》中的角色简直不值一提。1968年1970年接连出演了De Palma的《Greetings》和《Hi, Mom》两部影片。

1973年,因在《战鼓轻敲》中扮演濒死的美国直棒大联盟球员一角受到广泛关注。同年与[[斯科西斯]]的合作也硕果颇丰,《[[出租车司机]]》,《[[纽约,纽约]]》,《[[愤怒的公牛]]》,《[[喜剧之王]]》,《[[好家伙]]》,《[[恐怖角]]》,《[[赌城风云]]》证明了两人之间成功的合作关系。

在这些影片中,德·尼罗的角色几乎都是不善社交的人。《[[出租车司机]]》在他的职业生涯中显得尤为重要,片中Travis Bickle举枪面对镜子的独白“You talking to me?”几乎成了德·尼罗的标志,一提到该片人们就会自觉联想到这个场景,而德·尼罗却说当时只是随性表演罢了。1974年,德·尼罗参演了[[弗朗西斯·科波拉]]的《[[教父II]]》,在片中扮演青年考里昂。这个角色也为他赢得了[[奥斯卡]]最佳男配角奖。

1976年,他与法国影星[[杰拉德·德帕迪约]]一起出演了[[贝纳多·贝托鲁奇]]的史诗传记片—《Novecento》,该片讲述了两个人从小在较量中结下了友谊的意大利小孩由于他们的出身和经历不同,最终两个人有着完全不同的人生观和境遇。

1978年,在反思越战的影片—《猎鹿人》中扮演Michael Vronsky。他的另一个著名的角色出自[[塞尔吉奥·莱昂]]执导的《[[美国往事]]》,扮演犹太黑帮成员“David ‘Noodle’Aaronson”。为了不被打上某一固定角色的烙印,1980年代中期,他开始尝试扮演喜剧角色,也相当成功。包括《打不开的锁》(1981),《坠入情网》(1984),《异想天开》(1985),《传教团》(1986),《铁面无私》(1987),《午夜狂奔》(1988),《盗火线》(1995),《摇摆狗》(1997),《浪人》(1998),《老大靠边闪》(1999),《拜见岳父大人》(2000),《老大靠边闪2》(2002),《拜见岳父大人2》(2004),《捉迷藏》(2005)等片。

他赢得过两座[[奥斯卡]]小金人:以《[[愤怒的公牛]]》赢得最佳男演员奖;以《[[教父2]]》赢得最佳男配角奖。

德尼罗和[[马龙·白兰度]]是仅有的两位因表演同一个角色而赢得[[奥斯卡]]奖的男演员。[[白兰度]]以《[[教父]]》中的老年的唐·维多·科里昂这一角色得了奖(虽然他拒绝了),而德尼罗则凭借《[[教父2]]》中的青年维多赢得了[[奥斯卡]][[白兰度]]的和德尼罗两人直到电影《大买卖》([[2001]])才在一起合作。德尼罗实际上一开始是为《[[教父]]》中桑尼一角试镜的,但后来该角色给了詹姆斯·卡安。当《[[教父2]]》在筹备时,导演[[弗朗西斯·福特·科波拉]]想起了德尼罗的试镜,认定了他来扮演青年的维多·科里昂。历史上仅有四位演员剧中说外语而最后获得[[奥斯卡]]奖,德尼罗就是其中之一,他在《教父2》中大多说的是意大利语,当然也有很少量的英语(比如“I didn’t come here to fight with you”和“I’m going to make him an offer he can’t refuse”)。

为了更好地投入到角色中去(源于他的[[方法派]]表演方式的背景),德尼罗为《[[愤怒的公牛]]》中的“杰克·拉莫塔”这一角色增重了60磅(27公斤),并且学习了拳击;在《恐怖角》里他咬牙切齿;为了《[[教父2]]》住在西西里;还为《[[纽约,纽约]]》学吹萨克斯。他同样也为了《铁面无私》中的“艾尔·卡彭”一角增重还剃了头发。

德尼罗善于观察一些自然的、微不足道的细节,从《[[好家伙]]》里的匪徒叼烟的姿势到《[[愤怒的公牛]]》里与人物相适应的衬衫夹克的种类都是他所悉心揣摩的。1995年,德尼罗与[[艾尔·帕西诺]]一起主演了[[迈克尔·曼]]的影片《[[盗火线]]》。因为在两人的演员生涯中,他们一直被拿来互相比较,所以这对组合吸引了大量影迷的关注。虽然帕西诺和德尼罗一同主演了《[[教父2]]》,但是他们没有同时出过镜。两人在《[[盗火线]]》中的表演尤其是对手戏的部分被人们认为达到了他们职业生涯的巅峰。

德尼罗接下来的计划是他导演并由他自己和[[马特·达蒙]][[安吉丽娜·朱莉]]联合主演的影片《特务风云》。息影超过八年的男演员[[乔·派西]]也在这部影片中复出,出演一个小角色。

2006年6月7日,德尼罗向位于奥斯丁的德州大学的哈里·兰塞姆中心捐赠了他的包括[[剧本]]、服装和道具在内的电影资料。

私生活

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德尼罗结过两次婚。有一个继女Drena(命名自一条河流,波斯尼亚(Bosnia)和塞尔维亚(Serbia)之间靠近边境的德里纳河(the Drina river),诺贝尔文学奖获得者Ivo Andrić在《德里纳河上的桥》(Bridge on the Drina)中曾描述过),以及和第一任妻子Dianne Abbott生的儿子Raphael,as well as twin sons Julian Henry and Aaron Kendrick (conceived by in vitro fertilization) from a long-term live-in relationship with former model Toukie Smith. Raphael, a former actor, now works in New York real estate. For a short while, De Niro also dated actress Uma Thurman.

Since 1989, De Niro has been investing in the TriBeCa neighborhood in lower Manhattan. His capital ventures have included co-founding the film studio TriBeCa Productions, the hugely popular TriBeCa Film Festival, and the TriBeCa Grill, Nobu, and Layla restaurants that usually need advance reservations.

In February 1998, during a film shoot in France, he was hauled for nine hours by French police and questioned by a magistrate, over a prostitution ring. De Niro denied any involvement saying that he had never paid for sex, “and even if I had, it wouldn’t have been a crime”.[3]. The magistrate wanted to speak to him after his name was mentioned by one of the call girls. In an interview to french newspaper Le Monde, he said “I will never return to France. I will advise my friends against going to France” and he would “send your Legion of Honour back to the ambassador, as soon as possible”. French judicial sources say that the actor is regarded as a potential witness, not a suspect. It is alleged that Mr De Niro was approached by the agency about a possible sexual encounter with a teenaged girl but that no meeting ever took place.[4]

In 2004 De Niro re-married his second wife, Grace Hightower, a former flight attendant, at their estate near Marbletown in upstate New York. De Niro’s primary residences are on the east and west sides of Manhattan. Their son Elliot was born in 1998 and the couple filed for divorce shortly after his birth, although the action was never officially finalized.

De Niro, whose paternal great-grandparents emigrated from Italy (they were from Ferrazzano, in the region of Molise), was due to be bestowed with honorary Italian citizenship at the Venice Film Festival in September 2004. However, the Sons of Italy lodged a protest with Italian Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi, claiming that De Niro had damaged the image of Italians and Italian-Americans by constantly portraying them in criminal roles. Culture Minister Giuliano Urbani dismissed the objections and the ceremony was rescheduled to go forward in Rome in October. Controversy flared once again when De Niro failed to show for two media appearances in Italy that October. This fueled speculation that he had snubbed the country over the citizenship imbroglio. De Niro denied this, blaming the non-appearances on “serious communication problems” that weren’t “handled properly” on his end and stating, “The last thing I would want to do is offend anyone. I love Italy.” The citizenship was then conferred to De Niro on October 21, 2006, during the Rome Film Festival finale. Although De Niro is also part Irish, he has stated that he identifies “more with [his] Italian side than with [his] other part.”

De Niro is a staunch supporter of the Democratic Party, and vocally supported Al Gore in the 2000 presidential election (in Michael Moore’s film Fahrenheit 9/11, we see a clip of De Niro standing next to Gore at a rally; Moore identifies him as “that Taxi Driver guy”), and John Kerry in the 2004 presidential election. In 1998, he lobbied Congress against impeaching President Bill Clinton (he is a personal friend of the Clinton family), and in August 2004 announced he would not collect his honorary Italian citizenship in person so as to avoid discouraging Italians living in America from voting for Kerry, following much controversy over the earlier citizenship protest. DeNiro also narrated a straightforward documentary about the September 11, 2001 attacks, shown on CBS and centering on video footage made by Jules Naudet and Gedeon Naudet, which focused on the role of firemen following the attacks.

薪水

Year Film Salary
1969 The Wedding Party (film) $50
1976 Taxi Driver $35,000
The Last Tycoon $200,000 + percentage of gross
1998 Ronin $14,000,000
1999 Analyze This $8,000,000
2000 Meet the Parents $13,500,000
2001 The Score $15,000,000
2002 Showtime $17,500,000
Analyze That $20,000,000

提名、奖项及荣誉

  • 1974年 《教父II》 获[[奥斯卡]]最佳男配角奖
  • 1976年[[出租车司机]]》 获[[奥斯卡]]最佳男主角奖提名
  • 1978年 《猎鹿人》 获[[奥斯卡]]最佳男主角奖提名
  • 1980年[[愤怒的公牛]]》 获[[奥斯卡]]最佳男主角奖
  • 1990年 《无语问苍天》获[[奥斯卡]]最佳男演员奖提名
  • 1991年 《恐怖角》获[[奥斯卡]]最佳男演员奖提名

电影年表

外部链接

  • Robert De Niro
  • [[英语]]